The French Bulldog might have descended from the English Bulldog (a toy dog variety that was very popular in England around 1860). These Bulldogs were transported to France in large numbers. They were mixed with several other breeds and were given the name ‘Boule-Dog Francais’.
The term ‘bull’ has something to do with the bloody sports bull baiting. The original bulldog at that time was very ferocious and had high pain tolerance which made it very suitable for dog fighting events. The said sport became illegal and was then banned in England in 1835. However, starting 1800's, some of these dogs have been bred as companion dogs rather than for sports reasons.
During those years, many Americans had been importing this breed, but it was not until the year 1885 that these dogs were brought over to establish an American-based breeding program.
Most dog owners were society ladies, who first showcased the breed at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896. The same ladies set up the French Bull Dog Club of America and outlined the breed standard.
The AKC accepted the breed swiftly after the formation of the club. By 1906, the French Bulldog was considered to be the fifth most sought-after breed of dog in the US.
Traits and Behavior
The French Bulldog is very protective of its owner and can be unstable or aggressive in situations where it feels threatened. Without warning, it may also rapidly attack and severely injure anybody whom this dog thinks is its opponent.
It is very important to socialize the French Bulldog with other humans and animals as early as 0-2 years.
This breed is not suitable as a common household pet for inexperienced dog owners. The French Bulldog can have extreme energy levels, thus keeping it activated is one priority. This dog is loyal, alert, reliable, brave, confident and determined.
Bulldogs are recognized as excellent family pets because they tend to form strong bonds with children. Without mental and physical exercise, these dogs may become hard to handle.
Pet Care and Diseases
French Bulldogs tend to be highly active, physically strong and healthy. Some health concerns are:
- Brachycephalic syndrome
- Canine hip dysplasia
- Patella luxation
This breed doesn't shed heavily so its short, harsh coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary.
Their short nose makes them prone to overheating during hot weather, so make sure a shady place is always provided.
Approximately 50% of flat-faced dogs suffer from BOAS (brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome), a breathing condition that is most common in bulldogs, French bulldogs, and pugs.
French Bulldogs are prone to Otitis due to their narrow ear canals, a result of selective breeding.
Frenchies also tend to drool and slobber. Because of this, their teeth should regularly have dental check-ups to prevent any tooth and gum disease.
The French Bulldog will do okay in an apartment as long as it's sufficiently exercised.
French Bulldogs are small, active, muscular dogs. Their height is around 11-12 inches at the shoulders while their weight is between 20-28 pounds for the males and 16-24 pounds for the females.
They are characterized by large, bat-like ears and pug-like noses. Their heads are square and large but are not as large as the English Bulldog.
The neck should be thick and well-arched, with loose skin at the throat. The forelegs should be short, stout, straight and muscular, set wide apart.
They have a short, shiny, smooth coat. Acceptable colors include fawn, brindle, white or combinations of brindle or fawn with white.
This breed has a life expectancy of 8-10 years. The litter size is approximately 10-12 puppies. Other names include Bouledogue Français and Frenchie (nickname).
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Here's a framed digital pet portrait of a French Bulldog we created for a customer. Bow is adorable.